In ” Remembering Jackie Robinson” by Peter Dreier we get to learn a little bit more about the time when Robinson was hired to play for the Brooklyn Dodgers and after. In other words, temporal context is shown in this article. According to Dreier, baseball integration was, in some way, the beginning of the civil rights movement. “You’ll never know what you and Jackie and Roy did to make it possible to do my job” were the words said to the pitcher of the Dodgers Don Newcombe by Martin Luther King Jr. The article continuous with Dreier talking about the Dodgers manager Branch Rickey and how he wanted to integrate a black baseball player for his team in order to break the color line barrier in that sport and how he decided to choose Robinson. Robinson’s integration to the major league baseball created a change since many more follow. According to the article the Dodgers hired more black players who helped the team in a positive way. In 1953 only six out of the sixteen major league teams had black players but in 1959, the Boston Red Sox which were the last team to integrate black players, hired their first player. The author of the article also adds that in 1975 the Cleveland Indians hired the first black manager and in 1997 there were a total of four managers. In the motion picture “42” only the first 18 months of Jackie’s life after being hire for the Dodgers are displayed, but with this article we could see that more important things happened after those events.
In this New York Amsterdam News review on the film “42” title as “42 is a home run” the author speak positively about the movie. Lapacazo Sandoval says that the movie clearly represents the life of Jackie Robinson and that the cast did a flawless job. The main characters of the film, Chadwick Boseman and Nicole Beharie, delivered a good job playing the lives of Jackie and Rachel Robinson according to Sandoval. On the other hand he praises the writer/director, Brian Helgeland for putting together this movie which seems to be historically accurate. In other words, for Sandoval “42 is an excellent film choice: and a pitch-perfect family film.” I can say that I agree with Sandoval since the movie takes you back to the 1940’s and clearly shows you how hard was for a Black man as Robinson to accomplish what he did. In the second review of the film published in Sports Illustrated title as ” The magic number” the authors have the same point of view as the author of the previous review. They say that the movie was “worth to wait” and basically because it really demonstrate the life of the legend. Like they state in the article, the film “successfully” walk us through the facts although some exaggerations are made. They also talk about the good acting skills of Chadwick Boseman and as seen before we can say that the authors of both reviews agree on this. The historical concepts are also mention in the review saying that one of the most important events that affected the Civil Rights movements for good was “the baseball playing of Jackie Robinson.” Indeed, I think that this was one of the things that started to change the society that was based on segregation and opened a path of opportunities for more people. These reviews help us see that the movie “42” really shows what it is suppose to, but now is important to take a closer look into history.
During the 1940’s people were segregated based on their skin color. Whites and blacks had their own public places,neighborhoods, schools and even restrooms. In sports they were separated as well, white men had their own baseball league while black men had the Negro baseball league. The film 42 walk us through the life of the first man who broke this social barrier. Jackie Robinson was the first African American to be signed in the all white major league baseball for the Brooklyn Dodgers. It was not an easy job for him since he was prone to all the bad treatment of those who opposed the decision of him joining the team. But he continued to work on his dream and was part of a change in history. What I think of doing in my paper is to go deeper into his story as shown in the movie and get inside that social aspects that were happening at that time. Also a comparison of this society and the one at that time can be incorporated in the paper.
The film “42” was made to show the public the life of a baseball legend. Jackie Robinson was the first African American to play in major leagues baseball and is known today as the one who broke the color line in that sport. By looking at the movie we can see many social aspects of that time. For example, there was racial segregation that prevented blacks and whites from joining together in any public place or in any activity. Because of the circumstances Robinson knew how he was going to be treated based on his skin color and in the movie we could see that he was right. He was treated differently, many people did not wanted him to be part of a major league baseball team, and many booed him in the games. However, that sort of a treatment did not stopped him from playing for the Brooklyn Dodgers and eventually he became one of the most known baseball players out there. The movie gives us an insider view of his life and a view of the american society during the 1940’s.
Part of this video will give you a closer look at the movie and commentaries made by the cast of the film including Mrs.Rachel Robinson
In this essay professor Steven Pinker Shows his point of view about a really debated argument made by media critics. Is the media reducing our intellect? According to professor Pinker its not. In the essay he says that with all the technology out there intelligence is increasing at high levels. Scientists now at days are mostly using their emails, computers and other types of media but they are still discovering new things like or better than before. On the other hand he addresses that we should reduce the amount of time we use those certain media devices. Computers, cellphones, televisions are some of the devices that have become fundamental tools for us and because of this we have become too attach to them. Pinker says that we should reduce the time we use these devices and concentrate in our own things. I agree with his arguments since is true that we usually forget about things like doing some exercise only because we choose to sit down and watch a movie, also I personally do not think that media is making us stupid, on the contrary I think that this machines have helped us advance to where we are now. In that case I can say that professor Pinker is right, “knowledge is increasing exponentially; human brainpower and waking hours are not.” (Pinker 561)
One of the things I can say about professor Michael Wesch’s video “The Machine is us/ing us” is that I agree. “We are the web” as said in the video, we are the ones that post and tag images, videos or links and by that we are teaching a new idea to the machine. In the past early websites were written in HTML and in this format form and content were inseparable. Then came XLM which separated the content and the form making internet less complicated for users. Here XLM was all about content, not form, and because of this the internet became what it is now. Getting back to Professor’s Wesch idea and looking more closely into it we can say that many of the web pages that we know today are compose of the things we add to them. For example, youtube is a web page compose of videos users upload and all of the social networks used today are as well made up of all the media we share. We are the instructors and technology will keep learning from us but one thing we should keep in mind is that everything that you post, send or share will be there for everyone to see.
In the article The Kitchen Of Meaning the author talks about how we interpret the different signs we see in our daily life’s and how we give those signs a meaning. Where a person lives or buys tells me that person’s social status, also a person’s notebook or desk can indicate how organize that person is. We are always looking for the meaning behind the object or thing we have in front of us and this is one of the ideas the author is trying to expand in the article. However, not all the signs we see are easy to decode and I agree with the author since there are signs that have a more deeper meaning or most of the times are compose of more than just one meaning. Is like the author said, the study of signs and symbols (semiology) is becoming more broad since the world is becoming more and more complex. Now there are other ideas and belief that were not present during the past years something that can make a single object have a different significance for different people. Because of this our ways of looking at a sign can still change over the course of time.